Reebok International Limited is an American (once in the past English) footwear and clothing organization, and an Independent auxiliary of German outdoor supplies monster Adidas since 2005. Reebok delivers and disperses wellness, running and CrossFit sportswear including dress and footwear. It is the official footwear and attire patron for Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), CrossFit, and Spartan Race.
In 1958, Reebok was built up as a buddy organization to J.W. Encourage and Sons, established in 1895 in Bolton, Lancashire, England. From 1958 until 1986, all Reebok attire highlighted the Union Flag, to connote the organization’s British birthplaces. The Union Flag is included on Reebok’s “Work of art” line of attire.
The organization’s worldwide base camp are situated in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S., with territorial workplaces in Amsterdam, Montreal, Hong Kong, and Mexico City.
In November 2016, Reebok declared they would be moving their home office from the Boston suburb of Canton to the advancement and configuration working in the seaport locale of South Boston. The explanations behind the move, as indicated by the organization, were to be situated in a urban domain that is increasingly attractive to millennial laborers and to “explain the jobs” of United States offices.The move was finished in pre-winter of 2018.
In 1895, Joseph William Foster at 14 years old began work in his room over his dad’s sweatshop in Bolton, England, and structured probably the soonest spiked running shoes. After his thoughts advanced, he established his business ‘J.W. Cultivate’ in 1900, later he got together with his children and changed the organization name to J.W. Encourage and Sons. Encourage opened a little processing plant called Olympic Works, and continuously got acclaimed among competitors for his “running siphons”. For spearheading the utilization of spikes, the organization’s progressive running siphons show up in the book, Golden Kicks: The Shoes that changed Sport. The organization started disseminating shoes over the Union Jack banner which were worn by British competitors. They were put on the map by 100m Olympic victor Harold Abrahams (who might be deified in the Oscar winning film Chariots of Fire) in the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Paris.
In 1958, in Bolton, two of the originator’s grandsons, Joe and Jeff Foster, framed a partner organization “Reebok,” having discovered the name in a South African word reference won in a running race by Joe Foster as a boy.The name is Afrikaans for the dim rhebok, a sort of African gazelle.
In 1979, at the Chicago International Sneaker Trade show an American agent, Paul Fireman, paid heed to Reebok. Fire fighter was working for group activities and arranged an arrangement to permit and appropriate the Reebok brand in the United States. The division was called Reebok USA Ltd.Later that year, Fireman acquainted three new shoes with the market at $60. By 1981, Reebok arrived at more than $1.5 million in deals.
In 1982, Reebok appeared the Reebok Freestyle high impact exercise shoe, the primary athletic shoe intended for ladies. Wellness proficient Gin Miller turned into the essence of “Step Reebok,” the organization’s high impact exercise wellness crusade and program. The next year, Reebok’s deals were $13 million.
The organization started growing from tennis and vigorous exercise shoes to running and b-ball all through the mid to late 1980s, the biggest sections of the athletic footwear industry at that point. Fire fighter purchased the British-based parent organization in 1984. In 1985, Reebok had its first sale of stock on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker image RBK.
In 1986, Reebok changed its logo from the Union Jack banner it had since its establishing, to the Vector logo – a theoretical Union Jack streak over a race track – which reflected the plan of the side flashes of its shoes. The switch flagged the change of the organization into an exhibition brand as it started permitting manages proficient competitors in the NBA and NFL.
During the 1980s, Reebok started presenting sports garments and adornments (nearby entering the school/elite athletics field), alongside another line of youngsters’ athletic shoes (called ‘Weeboks’) toward the finish of 1980. Before the year’s over, Reebok’s deals were about $1 billion. One of the organization’s most signature technologies,the Reebok Pump, appeared in 1989 with in excess of 100 expert competitors wearing the footwear by 1992, including Shaquille O’Neal.
Reebok named Carl Yankowski president and CEO of the brand in 1998, supplanting previous president Robert Meers. Yankowski ventured down one year later to acknowledge an official situation at another organization. Reebok executive and CEO Paul Fireman took over as president without precedent for a long time.
Reebok marked Venus Williams in the wake of winning singles titles at Wimbledon and the 2000 Summer Olympics. In December 2000, Reebok marked a 10-year authorizing concurrence with the NFL for the selective rights to produce and sell NFL authorized product, including outfits and footwear, for every one of the 32 groups.
In 2001, Reebok turned into the selective attire supplier for the 29 groups in the NBA, and 16 WNBA groups for a long time starting in the 2004-2005 season. The arrangement additionally added the Reebok vector logo to the 2004 U.S. Olympic ball group’s regalia. Later in 2001, Jay Margolis was named as Reebok’s leader and COO. Subsequent to propelling retail lead stores in China, Dhaka, London, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia and Tokyo, Margolis surrendered in October 2004. Fire fighter took over as president subsequent to marking another long haul work concurrence with the Reebok top managerial staff.
In 2003, Reebok additionally turned into the official uniform and clothing supplier for the Canadian Football League, which produced results in 2004.
Reebok obtained official National Hockey League support CCM in 2004. The organization started fabricating ice hockey gear under the CCM and Reebok brands. Reebok eliminated the CCM name on NHL valid and reproduction pullovers, utilizing the Reebok logo since 2005. CCM became Reebok-CCM Hockey in 2007. Reebok moved the majority of its hockey hardware lines to CCM after 2015.
In August 2005, Adidas procured Reebok as an auxiliary, joining two of the biggest game equipping organizations, however keeping up tasks under their different image names. Adidas procured the entirety of the remarkable Reebok shares and finished the arrangement esteemed at $3.8 billion. Following the securing, Adidas supplanted Reebok as the official uniform provider for the NBA in 2006 with a 11-year bargain that incorporates the WNBA and reproduction pullovers and warm-up gear.
Reebok named Paul Harrington president and CEO of the organization in January 2006, supplanting Paul Fireman who was acting president since 2004. Harrington joined the organization in 1994 and was Reebok’s senior VP of worldwide tasks and boss production network official.
In 2010, Reebok declared an association with CrossFit, a wellness organization and serious wellness sport, including supporting the CrossFit Games, opening CrossFit studios, and presenting a line of co-marked footwear and clothing for Fall 2011. In 2011, Reebok appeared the CrossFit delta image on the brand’s wellness clothing line. Around that time, Reebok, as it gradually started to lose its agreements to make sports regalia and clothing to elite athletics associations and school groups (its last uniform rights contract, with the NHL, finished in 2017) started repositioning itself as a generally wellness situated brand, similarly as it had been during the 1980s and mid 1990s.
In 2013, Reebok reported another wellness organization with Les Mills, a gathering wellness and group preparing program in eighty nations in excess of 20,000 studios. The understanding included Reebok footwear and attire joining into Les Mills’ work out schedules and media showcasing. By July 2013, the red delta sign started appearing on the entirety of Reebok’s wellness assortments. The brand declared it was eliminating the vector logo and supplanting it with the delta sign, making it the organization’s subsequent logo change in over 120 years. The delta image speaks to the three mainstays of positive self-change including mental, physical and social, as Reebok builds its essence in the wellness business with yoga, move, high impact exercise and CrossFit.
Following an effective re-arrival of huge numbers of its famous shoe and attire lines from the early/mid 1990s, in November 2019, Reebok reported that it was refreshing the 1992 Vector logo alongside the first “Reebok” content in Motter Tektura typeface and reestablishing both as the organization’s center image character, refering to the explanation that customers despite everything related to them instead of the 2013 “Delta” logo. despite the fact that the Delta would keep on being utilized on certain wellness hardware and attire lines.
Reebok’s parent organization, Adidas, is headquartered in Herzogenaurach, Bavaria, Germany, while the Reebok world central command stays situated in Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Reebok EMEA (Europe, Middle East, Africa) has its provincial office in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The organization likewise has extra territorial workplaces situated in Panama City (Reebok Latin America), Shanghai (Reebok Shanghai International Commerce Center), Singapore, Taikoo Shing, and Toronto. Reebok first entered the South Korean market in 1987 and has since been making generous income in South Korea. It is demonstrated that it is the third most famous games brand in South Korea. Through the merger and securing of Adidas International, Reebok is not, at this point recorded as a company in South Korea.
Reebok plans, makes, circulates and sells wellness, running and CrossFit sportswear including apparel and footwear. The garments line incorporates shirts, hoodies and jeans among different things. The brand has likewise teamed up with different organizations to create wellness gear and exercises.
The organization has discharged various remarkable styles of footwear including the 1982 presentation of the Reebok Freestyle that was made and showcased for ladies. In 1984, the shoe represented the greater part of the Reebok deals. Following the high impact exercise pattern from the 1980s to mid 1990s, Reebok additionally discharged exercise programs called Reebok Step starting in 1989. The brand additionally presented one of their most signature shoes, The Reebok Pump. The footwear assortment was discharged as a men’s b-ball shoe and the world’s first completely flexible fit controlled with manual air portion.
The Reebok Ventilator, a line of lightweight athletic shoes with vented side boards, was first presented in 1990.In 1996, Reebok marked a $50 million support manage Allen Iverson when he marked with the Philadelphia 76ers. Iverson teamed up with Reebok during his agreement to make the second-longest running b-ball shoe line ever, starting with the Question shoe in 1996 and finishing with Answer XIV.
In 2010, the brand discharged Reebok Zig, an athletic footwear innovation and assortment of shoes incorporate crisscross froth bottoms intended to push competitors forward.The Reebok Nano was discharged in 2011 and is the principal official CrossFit shoe.The organization has likewise collaborated up with Les Mills and CrossFit to deliver more wellness clothing, footwear, and exercises. Reebok discharged the Z-Series froth, a blend of thick padded sole and outsole so the froth is padded however not worn-out. The froth appeared on the ZQuick TR with Reebok’s new delta logo in 2014.
Reebok Future advancement house has built up another innovation they call Liquid Factory. A robot will expel fluid polyurethane and “draw” shoe parts without the utilization of conventional shoe molds.
In 2017, the UFC declared the dispatch of another assortment under the name Fight Night Collection that incorporates an updated variant of the Reebok-marked attire.
In 2018, Victoria Beckham being a long haul configuration collaborate with Reebok propelled her first assortment enlivened by Shaquille O’Neal.